Conditional Statements are very important and very useful, and are used in almost every code. To quickly and easily understand what Conditional Statements are, consider this scenario:
if it is raining outside:
bring the umbrella
do not bring the umbrella.
Now, if you want to bring this into Python, it would look something like this:
But what if there are more than 2 conditions? There is a solution for that too.
If we have more than 2 conditions, we use elif. This is short for else if.
Let's write a program to see if a number is greater than 15, less than 15, or equal to 15.
Because our number is greater than 13, the output of this program would be: lesser
Now, we could also write the same code in a different way.
This code goes through the same process the previous code does, except in this code, we have a condition inside of a condition, which is called a nested condition.